DO YOU KNOW YOUR TYPE?
Often, due to misinformation or a lack of information, many people incorrectly diagnose their skin type and use the wrong products as a result.
Using products not designed to support your skin type can contribute to a variety of issues such as irritation, dryness, breakouts and even premature aging. Knowing your correct skin type as well as any conditions present, will reduce the odds of this. Once you crack this code it will also become much easier to navigate your skin care and shop for your skin.
ABOUT THE FOUR SKIN TYPES
Normal skin is neither too oily or dry. Breakouts and redness are rare. This is the easiest skin type to care for, but skin care is just as important for normal skin to keep it in great shape.
Combination skin is the most common skin type. Combo skin is a mixture of oily and dry but is usually oiliest through the T-zone area. Breakouts are common. The key to treating combo skin is balancing it.
Skin is oily and shiny all over, sometimes even after cleansing. Oily skin responds well to cleansing and exfoliation, but moisturizing is still important as well. Breakouts are common but oily skin tends to age well and show less wrinkles and fine lines.
Dry skin lacks oil all over and can feel tight, itchy or flaky. Skin can appear dull, due to lack of oil production. Dry skin is less elastic and has a harder time retaining moisture. Breakouts are rare, but dry skin may show signs of aging sooner than oilier skin types.
SKIN TYPE TEST #1 : TAKE AN OIL INVENTORY
Start by gently cleansing your face to remove any makeup, product or debris. After cleansing, apply no other products and allow your skin to re-balance itself for about fifteen minutes. This will help you observe your skin at its natural state.
Next, determine which parts of your face are oily. You can do this both by touching the skin, blotting it with a tissue or just looking closely in the mirror to see which parts appear shiny/oily.
*If your face feels like it has little to no oil, it is likely you have Dry Skin
*If your face feels neither dry or oily, it is likely you have Normal Skin
*If your face feels oily in some parts and dry/normal in others, it is likely you have Combination Skin. Combination skin can also start out dry/normal in the morning and become more oily toward the end of the day.
*If your face feels oily all over most of the time, you likely have Oily Skin
SKIN TYPE TEST #2 : CHECK OUT YOUR PORES
Another way you can get a better idea about your skin type is by looking at the size of your pores. Note: most people have larger pores on their nose, which is normal and not necessarily indicative of anything. For this test we want to observe all the areas of the face. If you have access to a magnifying mirror, this will also help you get a better look.
Now, also take a look at the pores and whether or not they are the same size around the entire face or if they vary in size.
*If you have small pores all over, your skin type is likely Dry
*If you have small pores around the whole face, with the exception of small patches near the nose and cheek area, your skin type is likely Normal
*If you have small pores on the lower half of the face, but larger pores through the T-Zone area, your skin type is likely Combination
*If you have larger pores covering more of your face than not, your skin type is likely Oily
SKIN TYPE VS. CONDITION
It is important to consider that there are a number of conditions and/or concerns that can exist simultaneously are are not the same thing as your actual skin type. Skin conditions develop over time and can be treated or managed, whereas your skin type is something you were born with. A few common concerns are:
Acne is extremely common and effects all ages and skin types. The causes of acne are numerous and complex but some factors include hormones, diet, stress levels and other internal imbalances.
As we age, our skin's natural turnover rate slows down. We produce less collagen and our elastin fibers start to break down. This can cause dullness, sagging skin, fine lines, wrinkles.
Whereas Dry Skin lacks oil dehydrated skin lacks water. Certain climates can affect this as well as hydration levels in the body.
Climate, environment, allergies, health issues, medications and even diet can cause the skin sensitivity. Sensitive skin may react to certain chemicals and fragrances in product.